Resource

Answering the Bell: High School Start Times and Student Academic Outcomes

Children ready for school with lunchboxes and parents in background

From the research article:

  • Later school start times were associated with positive student engagement outcomes (reduced suspensions, higher course grades), especially for disadvantaged students.
  • Achievement results were mixed, with positive and negative associations between start times and high school students’ test scores.

Continued research is necessary to evaluate the efficacy of later start times as a scalable and cost-effective approach for boosting engagement and achievement. 

Resource type
Published Research