What is meant by “transgender,” and why is this a population of concern?

Transgender generally refers to a diverse group of people whose gender identity differs from the sex they were assigned at birth. It may also be used as an umbrella term that includes those whose gender identity does not conform to a male/female binary (i.e., nonbinary). We recognize that the most appropriate and respectful ways to describe the transgender community may change over time and vary among groups, and our intention is to be as inclusive and respectful as possible in recognition of the complex and intimate nature of one’s gender identity and expression. Applicants are encouraged to use the terms that they consider most appropriate, even if they differ from those used in the CFP.

Transgender people face similar health and social concerns as the cisgender population and are at higher risk for additional mental and physical health problems, due to a higher burden of discrimination or violence. The World Health Organization provides more information about health concerns of special relevance to the transgender population.